Effect of rice husk-derived biochar and Effective Microorganisms (EM・1®) on the suppression of radioactive cesium transfer from soil to agricultural crops under the continuous cropping of Komatsuna (Brassica rapa var. perviridis)

International Scientific Conference “Radiobiology: Current issues”, Institute of Radiobiology of NAS of Belarus, Gomel, Republic of Belarus. 27-28 Sep 2018

Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Higa, T


第7回環境放射能除染研究発表会, 東京. 3-4 Jul 2018


Impact of Effective Microorganisms on the activity of 137Cs in soil from the exclusion zone of Chernobyl NPP.

The 21st International Conference for Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 3-8 Jun 2018

Nikitin, A., Okumoto, S., Gutzeva, G., Shitani, M., Leferd, G., Higa,


Analysis of radioactive cesium in paddy fields applied with Effective Microorganisms (EM・1®) in Fukushima

International Scientific Conference “Radiobiology: Challenges of the XXI Century”, Institute of Radiobiology of NAS of Belarus, Gomel, Republic of Belarus.. 27-29 Sep 2017

Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Higa, T.


第6回環境放射能除染研究発表会, 福島市. 19-21 Jul 2017


EM for Agriculture

All-Russia Field Day Agroindustrial Exhibition/Forum, Kazan, Russia. 5-7 Jul 2017

Suehiro, I

Biological oscillation in cellular slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum

25th Wilhelm Bernhard Workshop on the Cell Nucleus, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. 19-22 Jun 2017

Kuwayama, H., Higashinakagawa, T


Innovative methods for solving environmental problems

The 10th International Environmental Conference “Nature without border", Vladivostok, Russia. 20-21 Oct 2016

Suehiro, I.

Establishment of human and environmentally friendly hospital with consideration for human and environmental microbiome

The 3rd International Conference of Universal Village (UV2016), Nagoya, Japan. 6 Oct 2016-8 Oct 2018

Saito, I., Shintani, M., Murakami, N., Aoki, Y., Higa, T.

Use of EM Technology for controlling foul odors and sanitation concerns caused by massive flood in Thailand in 2011

The 3rd International Conference of Universal Village (UV2016), Nagoya, Japan. 6-8 Oct 2016

Voranuj, J., Koshoji, T., Pirmthongin, S.

Microbial contribution as countermeasures against radioactive contamination

The 3rd International Conference of Universal Village (UV2016), Nagoya, Japan. 6-8 Oct 2016

Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Higa, T.

Tanah Sutera Development, an eco-city development project in Malaysia: two years on

The 3rd International Conference of Universal Village (UV2016), Nagoya, Japan. 6-8 Oct 2016

Ching, H.H., Ying, L.K., Then, T.H., Chin, H.S., Fukugauchi, Y., Higa, T., Shum, S

Application of Effective Microorganisms (EM) contributes to produce safe agricultural products in radiation-contaminated farmland.

The 2do International Conference Environmental and Food Safety for Human Welfare,, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. 24-25 Jul 2016

Shintani, M., Okumoto, S., Nikitin, A., Cheshyk, I., Higa, T


第5回環境放射能除染研究発表会, 福島市. 6-8 Jul 2016


EM Technology in Europe

EM Technology in Europe. International Scientific Conference "Chernobyl: 30 years later”, Radiobiology of NAS of Belarus, Gomel, Republic of Belarus. 21-22 Apr 2016

Matsumoto, J., Rothenbühler, U., Murányi, A.

Possibility of Effective MicroorganismsTM (EM) technology for reducing radioactive cesium contamination in soil.

International Scientific Conference "Chernobyl: 30 years later", Institute of Radiobiology of NAS of Belarus, Gomel, Republic of Belarus.. 21-22 Apr 2016

Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Higa, T.


The impact of EM technology in wastewater management

VSUES, Vladivostok, Russia. 29-30 Oct 2015

Suehiro, I.

Influence on the suppression of transfer of radioactive cesium from soil to grass using cow manure compost and its effluent fermented by Effective Microorganisms


Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Higa, T.


第4回環境放射能除染研究発表会, Tokyo, Japan. 8-9 Jul 2015




第62回日本ウイルス学会学術集会, Yokohama, Japan. 10-12 Nov 2014


The bioremediation in actual contaminated site with Effective Microorganisms EM・1® and organic matter in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

8th International Environmental Forum "Nature without borders", Vladivostok, Russia. 23-24 Oct 2014

Tomii, H., Irei, T., Uehara, K., Gesyo, S., Kyan T., Okumoto, S., Higa, T

Using of microbiological preparation EM-1 and mineral-sorbent trepel for growing lettuce on the soils, contaminated by radionuclides

International Scientific Conference "Radiobiology: man-made radiation", Institute of Radiobiology of NAS of Belarus, Gomel, Republic of Belarus. 25-26 Sep 2014

Shamal, N.V., Klementieva, E.A., Korol, R.A., Gaponenko, S.N., Spirov, R.K., Nikitin, A.N., Prusakova, O.I., Okumoto, S., Shintani, M

Application of Effective MicroorganismsTM (EM) technology contributes to the reconstruction of a recycle based dairy farm in Fukushima (A case study)

International Scientific Conference "Radiobiology: man-made radiation", Institute of Radiobiology of NAS of Belarus, Gomel, Republic of Belarus. 25-26 Sep 2014

Okumoto, S., Shintani, M., Nishibuchi, Y., Higa, T.

Contribution of biotechnology to the recovery from the damage caused by the accident of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant: An example at Takizawa dairy farm in Fukushima

16th Congress of Asian College of Psychosomatic Medicine (ACPM), Jakarta, Indonesia. 22-23 Aug 2014

Shintani, M., Okumoto, S., Nishibuchi, Y., Higa, T


第3回環境放射能除染研究発表会, Fukushima, Japan. 3-4 Jul 2014


An eco city development project with special consideration for harmonious coexistence of human, nature and microbiome, in Malaysia

2nd International Conference on Universal Village (UV2014), Cambridge, MA, USA. 16-17 Jun 2014

Shintani, M., Ching, H.H., Fukugauchi, Y., Miyagi, M., Higa, T., Shum, S.


Pilot scale bioremediation of oil contaminated soil with Effective MicroorganismsTM EM・1® and organic materials in Okinawa, Japan.

VII International Environmental Forum "NATURE WITHOUT BORDERS", Vladivostok, Russia. 10-11 Oct 2013

Daur, I.


Research of Effective Microorganisms on dairy sewage sludge stabilization

Journal of Ecological Engineering, 20(3), 241-252.

Boruszko, D


Growth Inhibition of Various Pathogenic Microorganisms Using Effective Microorganisms (EM)

International Journal Of Research And Engineering. 4(12), 283-286. .

SAFWAT, Safwat M.; ROZAIK, Ehab.

Effect of Multi-Microbial Probiotic Formulation Bokashi on Pro- and Anti-Inflammatory Cytokines Profile in the Serum, Colostrum and Milk of Sows, and in a Culture of Polymorphonuclear Cells Isolated from Colostrum

Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins. 1–13.

Ewa Laskowska, Łukasz Jarosz, Zbigniew Grądzki

Development of low thermal mass cement-sand block utilizing peat soil and effective microorganism

Case studies in Construction Materials. 8, 8-15..

Irham Hameeda Mohamad IdrisNur ZulaikhaYusof

Biofertilizer (EM-1) effect on growth and yield of three bread wheat cultivars

Journal of Central European Agriculture, 19(3), 530-543.

Ai-Naqeeb, M.A-R., Ai-Hilfy, I.H.H., Hamza, J.H., Al-Zubade, A.S.M., Ai-Abodi, H.M.K.


Use of Effective Micro-organisms (EM) technology and self-compacting concrete (SCC) technology improved the response of cementitious systems

Construction and Building Materials. 152, 642-650..

Syed Ali Rizwan, Hasnain Khan, Thomas A. Bier, Fazal Adnan

The effect of feed supplementation with effective microorganisms (EM) on pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine concentrations in pigs.

Research in Veterinary Science. 115: 244-249..

Ewa Laskowska, Lukasz Jarosz, Zbigniew Grądzki

Nutrient content of Liquid Organic Fertilizer (LOF) by various bio-activator and soaking time

NUSANTARA BIOSCIENCE. 9(2), 209-213. .


In-vessel co-composting of yard waste and food waste: an approach for sustainable waste management in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia

International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture. 6(2): 149–157..

Amirhossein MalakahmadEmail authorNatasha Binti IdrusMotasem S. AbualqumbozSara YavariShamsul Rahman M. Kutty

In vitro evaluation of nutrient content of Asian Palmyra Palm’s (Borassus flabellifer L.) Husk Fermented with EM-4 for Beef Cattle Feed

International Journal of Current Research in Biosciences and Plant Biology. 4(1), 13-19..

Dahlan, D. N. A, Khotimah, K.

Evaluation of milk production performance of lactating Fogera cows fed with urea and effective micro-organisms treated rice straw as basal diet

International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 7(5), 45-50. .

Lemma Gulilat, Endalew Walelign

"Evaluation of Effective Microorganisms on home scale organic waste composting"

Journal of Environmental Management. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.04.019.

Yee Van Fan, Chew Tin Lee, Ji rí Jaromír Klemes, Lee Suan Chua, Mohamad Roji Sarmidi, Chee Woh Leow

Effects of farmyard manure and activated effective microorganisms on rain-fed upland rice in Mwanza, Tanzania

Organic Agriculture. 7(2), 83–93. .

Paul Sabas Saidia, J. P. Mrema

Effect of temperature on removal of COD and TSS from artificial river water by mudballs made from EM4, rice bran and clay

International Journal of GEOMATE. 12(33): 91-95. .

" Nugroho, F.L.

Bioaugmentaton in Technosols created in abandoned pyritic tailings can contribute to enhance soil C sequestration and plant colonization

Science of The Total Environment. 593–594(1): 357-367..

Raúl Zornoza, Melisa Gómez-Garrido, Silvia Martínez-Martínez, María Dolores Gómez-López, Ángel Faz

Application of effective microorganisms technology as a lake restoration tool - a case study of Muchawka Reservoir

Journal of Elementology. 22(2): 529-543..

Sitarek M., Napiórkowska-Krzebietke A., Mazur R., Czarnecki B., Pyka J.P., Stawecki K., Olech M., Sołtysiak S., Kapusta A.

The growth rate of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus fry fed on fermented Lemna sp. meal

Journal Akuakultur Indonesia. 16(1), 101-106..

Rita Rostika, Yuli Andriani, Arthur Henry Abram, Apriana Vinasyiam

Secondary Settling Tanks Enhancement using Effective Microorganisms

International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology. 7(5), 1791-1796..

Aboulfotoh A. M.

Reducing water salinity using effective microorganisms

Net Journal of Agricultural Scienc. 5(3), 114-120 .

Raghad S. Mouhamad, Lamiaa A. Mutlag, Mustafa T. Al-Khateeb, Munawar Iqbal, Arif Nazir, Kadhim M. Ibrahim, Rasha A. Mussa and Obaid H. Jassam

Performance Optimization of Microbes from Shrimp Pond Sediment by Adding EM4 In Nitrification Process for the Treatment of Wastewater Containing High Ammonia Concentration

Microbiology Indonesia. 11(3), 94-102..


Investigation of effective microorganisms application method on alleviation of salt stress effects on root morphology of sweet corn

Ratar. Povrt. 54(2), 48-55..

Sabeti, Z., Armin, M., Kakhki, M.R.V.

Impact of effective microorganisms actuate (EMa) on development of Barley, Corn and Chard plants.

Current Science Perspectives. 3(1), 60-66..

Raghad S. Mouhamad, Ali S. Fadhel, Shaimaa A. Yousir, Ibrahim B. Razaq, Munawar Iqbal, Saba Ayub, Umer Younas

Growth and Yield Performance of Banana (Musa acuminate L.) as Affected by Different Farm Manures

Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research. Vol.5(2), 199-203.

Brenda C. Panelo; Ma. Theresa M. Diza

Bioremediation of petroleum sludge using effective microorganism (EM) technology

Petroleum Science and Technology. 35(14), 1515-1522..

Jamil Ahmad


Treatment of textile mill dye sludge by vermicomposting using Perionyx excavatus species

International Journal of Bioassays. 5(11), 4999-5003..

Vasanth Pandiyan, C., Ravichandran, S., Elanchezhiyan, C., Balaji, K.

Tomato yield and quality under various combinations of organic compost

Bioscience Journal. 32(5), 1147-1154..

Franca, F.C.T., Silvia, E.C., Pedrosa, M.W., Carlos, L.A., Maciel, G.M.

Study of commercial effective microorganism on composting and dynamics of plant essential metal micronutrients

Journal of Environmental Biology. 37,937-941. .

Daur, I.

Phenology, yield and nutrient uptake efficiency of wheat as affected by organic and inorganic nitrogen fertilizer alone and in combination with Effective Microorganism

Middle East Journal of Agriculture. 5(4), 431-438..

Khan, A.Z., Muhammad, H., Muhammad, A., Khalil, S.K., Shah, Z., Amin, R.

Modifying nitrogen fertilizer practice can reduce greenhouse gas emissions from a Chinese double rice cropping system.

Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 215, 100-109..

Wang, B., Li, Y., Wan, Y., Qin, X., Gao, Q., Liu, S., Li, J. 

Improvement of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) plantlets during acclimatization stage by using EM (Effective Microorganisms) and potassein - N fertilizer

Middle East Journal of Agriculture. 5(2), 272-278 .

Abdel-Galeil, L.M., El-Baky, A.M.A., Metwaly, H.A.A., El-Din, S.I.M.

Impact of bio-fertilizer on growth and yield of two sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) hybrids at Shambat, Sudan

Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences. 3(4), 332-336.

Basheer, H.G., Idris, A.E., Ahmed, B.E.A.M.


Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika. 7(3): 4-6.

Arifa Mulyesthi Rahmawathi, Nurheni Wijayanto, Andhira Trianingtyas

Effect of mineral, biofertilizer (EM) and zeolite on growth, flowering, yield and composition of volatile oil of Viola odorata L. plants

Journal of Horticultural Science & Ornamental plants. 8(3), 140-148..

Mohamed, Y.F.Y., Ghatas, Y.A.A.

Effect of EM(Effective Microorganism)Addition on the Quality of Methane Production from Rice Straw

International Journal of ChemTech Research. 9(12):520-528..

Tri Widjaja, Hasrul Anwar, Danawati Hari Prajitno, Lily Pujiastuti

Effect of bio-fertilizer on growth and yield of two maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars at Shambat, Sudan

Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences. 3(4), 313-317. .

Obid, M.A., Idris, A.E., Ahmed, B.E.A.M.

Characterization of Household Solid Waste Compost Inoculated with Effective Microorganisms

Modern Environmental Science and Engineering. 2(3): 194-200. .

Said Suleiman Bakari, Laila M. Moh’d, Mohammed K. Maalim, Zakia M. Aboubakari, Layla A. Salim, Hassan R. Ali

"Application of probiotic supplementation in the nutrition of farm American mink (Neovison vison)"

Journal of Central European Agriculture. 17(3), 652-660. .

Agricultural wastes based-organic fertilizers (Bokashi) improve the growth and yield of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill)

International Journal of Agricultural Science. 1, 27-32..

Wijayanto, T., Zulfikar, Tufaila, M., Sarman, A.M., Zamrun, M.F.

A sustainable approach to the municipal solid waste management in Neyyatinkara Municipality, Kerala, India

Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 4(4), 89-95..

Prakasam, V.R., Das, S.Y.

Evaluation of Effective Microorganisms® efficacy on 'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani'-infected and healthy periwinkle plants.

Mitteilungen Klosterneuburg. 66, 89-92. .

Pierce, S.; Quaglino, F.; Montagna, M.; Spada, A.; Iriti, P. C. M.

Composting of organic residues as influenced by effective microorganisms and earthworms.

Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research. 34(2), 38-42. .

Shefali Naik; Dodake, S. B.

Effect of poultry manure treated and untreated with effective microorganisms on growth performance and insect pest infestation on Amaranthus hybridus

African Journal of Plant Science, 10(1), 10-15.

Joseph, A., Ademiluyi, B. O., Aluko, P.A., Alabeni, T. M.

The influence of effective microorganisms (EM) and yeast on the degradation of strobilurins and carboxamides in leafy vegetables monitored by LC-MS/MS and health risk assessment

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment., 188,64. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-015-5022-4.

Wolejko, E., Lozowicka, B., Kaczynski, P., Jankowska, M. and Piekut, J.

Accelerated stabilization of landfill in a high-latitude area by EM and a risk assessment to human health

International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, 9(2), 5218-5227.

Song, Y. and Liu, H.

Application of manure, nitrogen fertilizer , and EM4 to improve growth and yield of red chili (Capsicum annuum L) on an Alfisol.

Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management., 3(2), 535-542.

Setiawan, J.A., Magfoer, M.D., Nihayati, E.

Combined effect of Effective Microorganisms and seaweed concentrate KelpaK® on growth and yield of cabbage

Transylvanian Review. , 24(8), 1511-1519.

Satekge, T.K., Mafeo, T.P., Kena, M.A.

Investigation on preparation, characterization and application of Effective Microorganisms (EM) based composts –An ecofriendly solution

Nature Environment and Pollution Technology. , 15(1), 153-158..

Pushpa, T.B., Sekaran, V., Basha, S.J.S., Jegan, J.

Application of Effective Microorganisms (EM) in food waste composting: A review

Asia Pacific Environmental and Occupational Health Journal. , 2(2), 37-47.

Muttalib, S.A.A., Ismail, S.N.S., Praveena, S.M.

Microbial inoculant for seed germination and seedling growth of Acacia mangium Willd

Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences., 6(5), 116-124.

Mridha, M.A.U, Khan, B.M., Hossain, M.K.

Recent approaches for controlling downy mildew of cucumber under greenhouse conditions

Plant Protection Science., 52(1), 1-9.

Mohamed, A., Hamza, A., Derbalah, A.

Solid waste management using Effective Microorganism (EM) technology

International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences., 5(7), 804-815..

Mathews, S., Gowrilekshmi, R.

Microbial inoculant influences the germination and growth of Albizia lebbeck seedlings in the nursery

Banko Janakari., 26(1), 82-89.

Khan, B.M., Kabir, M.A., Hossain, M.K., Mridha, M.A.U.

Field evaluation of cattle manure along with effective microorganisms on growth and yield of capsicum (Capsicum annum L.)

International Journal of Advanced Research and review (IJARR). , 1(4), 10-18.

Karunarathna, B., Seran, T.H.

Effective microorganisms impact on photosynthetic activity of Arabidopsis plant grown under salinity stress conditions

Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences-SGGW, Land Reclamation. , 48(2), 153-163.

Kalaji, H.M., Cetner, M.D., Samborska, I.A., Lukasik, I., Oukarroum, A., Rusinowski, S., Pietkiewicz, S., Swiatek, M., Dabrowski, P.

Influence of organic fertilizers on physiological quality and rooting snapdragons (Antirrhinum majus)

International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 18, 515-520.

Demirkaya, M., Stumpf, W., Jezik, K.

Organic alfalfa production using different EM.1 composts

Turkish Journal of Field Crops., 21(1), 139-147.

Daur, I.

Utilization of Effective Microorganisms based water hyacinth compost as biosorbent for the removal of basic dyes

Desalination and Water Treatment. DOI:10.1080/19443994.2016.1143405.

Bhagavathi Pushapa, T., Vijayaraghavan, J., Vijayaraghavan, K., Jegan, J.


Effect of some growth stimulants on production and quality of strawberry transplants

Annals of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor. 53(4), 693-708..

Mohamed, M.H.M.

Growth performance and immunological and antioxidant status of Chinese shrimp, Fennerpenaeus chinensis reared in bio-floc culture system using probiotics.

Fish & Shellfish immnology. 47, 141-146..

Kim MS, Min E., Kim JH, Koo JK, Kang JC.

Could bio and organic fertilizers switch over chemical fertilization of faba bean plants.

Egyptian Journal of Applied Science, 30(6), 319-334.

Hassan, A.Z.A., Abdelwahab, M., Mahmoud, M., Darwish, E.

Effect of rock phosphate and farmyard manure applied with effective microorganisms on the yield and nutrient uptake of wheat and sunflower crops.

Pakistan Journal of Botany, 47(S1), 219-226.

Sharif, M., Khan, M., Khan, M.A., Wahid, F., Marwat, K.B., Khattak, A.M. and Naseer, M.

Influence of the EMTM series probiotic agents on the results of rearing of Polish Holstein-Friesian calves.

Acta Sci. Pol., Zootechnica, 14(4), 141‒150.

Szewczuk, M., Nowik, P., Olejnik, K., Jędrych, L., Kruszyński, W.

The influence of a microbial inoculum on the enzymatic activity of peat and morphological features of the French marigold.

Nauka Przyroda Technologie, 9(4), 47. DOI:10.17306/J.NPT.2015.4.47.

Wolna-Maruwka, A., Mocek-Plociniak, A., Schroeter-Zakrzewska, A. Niewiadomska, A., Piechota, T., Swedrzynska, D., Kosicka, D., Pilarska, A. A.

The silent heroes: Effective Microorganisms.

Ormancilik Dergisi, 10(2), 24-28.

Allahverdiev, S.R., Minkova, N.O., Yarigin, D.V., Gunduz, G.

Exploitation of EM・1 treated blend of organic resources and humic acid for organic (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) production.

Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 20(2), 125-130.

Daur, I., Abusuwar, A.O., Alghabari, F.

Improving fruits quality and storability of strawberry fruits by using pre and postharvest treatments.

Journal of American Science, 11(1), 44-60.

Hassan, A.H., Emam, M.S.

Effect of nitrogen fertilizer levels in the form of organic, inorganic and bio fertilizer applications on growth, yield and quality of strawberry

Middle East Journal of Applied Sciences, 5(2), 604-617.

Hassan, H.A

Effect of soil amendments on growth, seed yield and NPK content of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) grown in Clayer soil.

International Journal of Soil Science, 10(4), 186-194.

Ibrahim, E.A., EL-Kader, A.E.

Monitoring and remediation technologies of organochlorine pesticides in drainage water.

Polish Journal of Chemical Technology, 17(1), 115-122.

Ismail, A., Derbalah, A., Shaheen, S.

Physicochemical profile of microbial-assisted composting on empty fruit bunches of oil palm trees.

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, doi:10.1007/s11356-015-5156-5.

Lim, L. Y., Bong, C. P. C., Chua, L. S., & Lee, C. T.

Effects of microbial additive on the physiochemical and biological properties of oil palm empty fruit bunches compost.

Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Special issue 5, 10-18.

Lim, L.Y., Chua, L.S., Lee, C. T.

Improvement of cocoyam productivity with Effective Microorganisms (EM) and indigenous microorganisms (IMO) manures.

American Journal of Biochemistry, 5(2), 42-47.

Mbouobda, H.D., Fotso, Tita, M.A., Muyang R.F., Omokolo, N.D.

Potential of Effective moicro-organisms and Eisenia fetida in enhancing vermi-degradation and nutrient release of fly ash incorporated into cow dung-paper waste mixture.

Waste Management, doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2015.10.001.

Mupambwa, H. A., Ravindran, B., Mnkeni, P.N.S.

Improvement of immune function by EM・X GOLD, a health drink containing extract from culture of  Effective Microorganisms (ECEM).

診療と新薬, . 52(10), 78-84(1032-1038).

Najima, M., Shintani, M., Shimabukuro, S., Munakata, M.

The influence of Effective Microorganisms on the growth and nitrate content of vegetable transplants.

Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, 2(1), 25-28.

Olle, M., Williams, I.

Comparison between the efficiency of two nano-paticles and Effective Microorganisms on some biological and biochemical aspects of Spodoptera littorals.

International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research, 3(6), 1620-1626.

Osman, H.H., Abdel-Hafez, H.F., Khidr, A.A.

An improved effective microorganisms (EM) soil ball-making method for water quality restoration.

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, doi:10.1007/s11356-015-5617-x.

Park, G-S., Khan A. R., Kwak, Y., Hong, S-J., Jung, B., Ullah, I., Kim, J-G., Shin, J-H.

Comparative study of treatment of Sago wastewater using HUASB reactor in the presence and absence of Effective Microorganisms.

Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 11, 483-490.

Priya, M., Meenambal, T., Balasubramanian, N., Perumal, B.

Investigation on removal of malachite green using EM based compost as adsorbent.

Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 118, 177-182.

Pushpa, T.B., Vijayaraghavan, J., Basha, S.J.S., Sekaran, V., Vijayaraghavan, K., Jegan, J.

Effect of EM ball on DO, BOD and COD of wastewater treatment plant in Bangkokthonburi University, Thiland.

Journal of Chemical, Environmetal & Biological Sciences (IJCEBS), 3(4), 307-311.

Seng, H., Dokkraoom, S., Pijarn, N.

Anti-Inflammatory and immunostimulatory effects of extract from culture of Effective Microorganisms (ECEM) revealed by functional genomics and metabolome analyses.

Food and Nutrition Sciences, 6, 1115-1125.

Shintani, M., Mitsunaga, F., Shimabukuro, S., Nakamura, S.

Effective microorganisms improve growth performance and modulate the ROS-scavenging system in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants exposed to salinity stress.

Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 34(1), 35-46.

Talaat, N.B.

Effective microorganisms modify protein and polyamine pools in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants grown under saline conditions.

Scientia Horticulturae, 190, 1-10.

Talaat, N.B.

Improvement of antioxidant and defense properties of tomato (var. Pusa Rohini) by application of bioaugmented compost.

Saudi Journal of Biological Science, 22, 256-264.

Verma, S., Sharma, A., Kumar, R., Kaur, C., Arora, A., Shah, R., Nain, L.

Response of Kadotta fig trees to using some organic manures enriched with EM1 as a partial substitution of mineral N fertilizers.

World Rural Observations, 7(2), 22-29.

Waseel, A.H.M., Abdelaal, A.M.K., Gowda, A.M., Aziz, M.H.A.

Effective microorganisms improve growth performance, alter nutrients acquisition and induce compatible solutes accumulation in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plant subjected to salinity stress.

Plant Growth Regulation, 75(1), 281-295.

Talaat, N.B., Ghoniem, A.E., Abdelhamid, M.T. and Shawky, B.T. (2015).

Modifying nitrogen fertilizer practice can reduce greenhouse gas emissions from a Chinese double rice cropping system

Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment., 215, 100-109.

Wang, B., Li, Y., Wan, Y., Qin, X., Gao, Q., Liu, S., Li, J.


Improving growth and productivity of “Sukkary” mango trees grown in North Sinai using extracts of some brown marine algae, yeasts and effective microorganisms 2-Productivity and fruit quality.

Middle East Journal of Applied Sciences., 4(3), 460-470.

Abed El Hamied, S.A.

Preliminary study on reaction kinetics of ammonia nitrogen in aqueous samples removed by microbial nano-silica ball.

Advanced Materials Research, 1010-1012, 528-531.

Yin, C., Lu, J., Shao, X., Mao, X., Wang, L., Min, Y. and Shu, M


中井ちさ子、丹羽光明、山崎成一郎、堀井博, 15(1), 13-18.


Greywater treatment via hybrid integrated systems for unrestricted reuse in Egypt.

Journal of Water Process Engineering, 1, 101-107.

Abdel-Shafy, H.I., Al-Sulaiman, A.M. and Mansour, M.S.M.

Improving growth and productivity of “Sukkary” mango trees grown in North Sinai using extracts of some brown marine algae, yeasts and effective microorganisms 1-Mineral content of leaves and fruit growth aspects.

Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research, 3(2), 318-329.

Abed El Hamied, S.A.

Effect of multi-ingredient of Bokashi on productivity of mandarin trees and soil properties under saline water irrigation.

7(11), 79-87.

Abed El-Hamied, S.A.

Optimization of concentration and EM4 augmentation for improving Bio-gas productivity from Jatropha curcas Linn capsule husk.

3(1), 73-78.

Adinurani, P.G., Setyobudi, R.H., Wahono, S.K., Sasmito, A., Nelwan, L.O., Nindita, A. and Liwang, T.

Reducing inorganic N partially in Zaghloul date palm orchards by using humic Acid and Effective Microorganisms. World Rural Observations.

6(2), 102-110.

Ahmed, F.F., Ibrahim, H.IM. and Kamel, M.Kh.

Microbes to clean indoor pollutants.

12(3), 429-434.

Boga, C., Del Vecchio, E., Forlani, L. and Franceschetti, M.

Monitoring and remediate of organochlorine residues in water.

86(7), 584-593.

Derbalah, A., Ismail, A., Hamza, A. and Shaheen, S.

Quality evaluation of egg composition and productivity of layers in EM (Effective Microorganisms) treatments: A field report.

1(3-4), 161-166.

Gnanadesigan, M., Isabella, S., Saritha, P., Ramkumar, L., Manivannan, N. and Ravishankar, R.

Improving Acacia auriculiformis seedlings using microbial inoculant (Beneficial Microorganisms).

25(2), 359-364.

Khan, B.M., Hossain, M.K. and Mridha, M.A.U.

The studies on applying of Effective Microorganisms (EM) and CRF on nutrient contents in leaves and yielding of tomato.

Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum Cultus, 13(1) 79-90.

Symbiotic bioremediation of aquaculture wastewater in reducing ammonia and phosphorus utilizing Effective Microorganism (EM-1) and microalgae (Chlorella sp.).

95, 127−134.

Lananan, F., Hamid, S.H.A., Din, W.N.S., Ai, N., Khatoon, H., Jusoh, A. and Endut A.

First report of peanut crown rot disease caused by Aspergillus niger in Iraq and its bio-control.

2(2), 171-177.

Matloob, A.A.H. and Juber, K.S.

Comparative evaluation of enzyme activities and phenol content of Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum) grown under EM and IMO manures Bokashi.

8(1), 157-166.

Mbouobda, H.D., Fotso, Djeuani, C.A., Baliga, M.O. and Omokolo, D.N.

Evaluation of phytotoxicity of effective microorganism (EM) treated distillery industry effluent.

11(2), 587-592.

Namasivayam, S.K.R., Shunmugaraj, M. Bharani, R.S.A, and Francis, A.L.

Effects of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes [mart.] solms) compost on growth and yield parameters of maize (Zea mays).

4(4), 617-633.

Osoro, N., Muoma, J.O., Amoding, A., Mukaminega, D., Muthini, M., Ombori, O. and Maingi, J.O.

The effect of effective microorganisms (EM) on EBPR in modified contact stabilization system.

Rashed, E.M. and Massoud, M.

Effect of effective microorganisms (EM) and potassium sulphate on productivity and fruit quality of "Hayany" date palm grown under salinity stress.

7(6), 90-99.

Salama, A.S.M., El-Sayed, O.M. and El Gammal, O.H.M.

Viability and morphological changes of Acanthamoeba spp. cysts after treatment with Effective microorganisms (EM).

Sampaotong, T., Lek-Uthai, U., Roongruangchai, J. and Roongruangchai, K.

Statistical optimization of physical conditions for phenol degradation using effective microorganism-I.

21, 14-20.

Sivasubramanian, S. and Namasivayam, S.K.R.

Effective microorganisms enhance the scavenging capacity of the ascorbate−glutathione cycle in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants grown in salty soils.

80, 136-143.

Talaat, N.

Improvement of antioxidant and defense properties of Tomato (var. Pusa Rohini) by application of bioaugmented compost.

Verma, S., Sharma, A., Kumar, R., Kaur, C., Arora, A., Shah, R. and Nain, L.


A calorimetric analysis of soil treated with effective microorganisms.

Thermochimica Acta, 569, 139-143.

Sigstad, E.E., Schabes, F.I., and Tejerina, F.

Agriculture wastes conversion for biofertilizer production using beneficial microorganisms for sustainable agriculture applications.

Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, 9(1), 60-67.

Hanapi, S.Z., Awad, H.M., Ali, S.I.S., Sarip, S.H.M., Roji, M., and Sarmidi, R.A.

Composting of rice straw with effective microorganisms (EM) and its influence on compost quality.

Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering, 10, 17-17.

Jusoh, M.L.C., Manaf, L.A., and Latiff, P.A.

Effective microorganisms and compost favor nematodes in wheat crops.

Agron Sustain Dev, 33, 573-579.

Hu, C., and Qi, Y.

Effect of combined application of cattle manure and EM on the yield and yield components of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.).

Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 38, 1-9.

Seran, T.H., and Suthamathy, N.

Effect of effective microorganisms activate (EMa) on growth, yield and yield components of corn in Firozabad region.

Annals of Biological Research, 4, 126-129.

Dehghani, I., Kordlaghari, K.P., and Mohamadinia, G.

Effective microorganisms and their influence on vegetable production-a review.

Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology, 88, 380-386.

Olle, M., and Williams, I.

Effects of effective microorganisms (EM) and bio-organic fertilizers on growth parameters and yield quality of flue-cured tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum).

Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 11, 1212-1215.

Chantal, K., Shao, X., Jing, B., Yuan, Y., Hou, M., and Liao, L.

Evaluation of Effective Microorganisms technology in industrial wood waste management.

Int J Adv Engg Tech/IV/III/July-Sept, 21, 22.

Sreenivasan, E.

Impact of effective and indigenous microorganisms manures on Colocassia esculenta and enzymes activities.

African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8(12), 1086-1092.

Mbouobda H, D., Fotso., Carole Astride Djeuani, C.A., Fai, K., and Omokolo, N.D.

Improving Acacia auriculiformis seedlings using microbial inoculant (Beneficial Microorganisms).

Journal of Forestry Research, 1-6.

Khan, B., Hossain, M.K., and Mridha, M.A.U.

Influence of effective microorganisms and green manure on soil properties and productivity of pearl millet and alfalfa grown on sandy loam in Saudi Arabia.

African Journal of Microbiology Research, 7(5), 375-382.

Ismail, S.M.

Inoculation with microorganisms of Lolium perenne L.: evaluation of plant growth parameters and endophytic colonization of roots.

New biotechnology, 30, 695-704.

Gaggìa, F., Baffoni, L., Di Gioia, D., Accorsi, M., Bosi, S., Marotti, I., Biavati, B., and Dinelli, G.

Investigation of effective Microorganisms (EM) impact in water stress condition on growth of almond (prunus dulcis Mill) seedling.

J. Basic. Appl. Sci. Res., 3(2), 86-92.

Shokouhian, A., Davarynejad, G., Tehranifar, A., Imani, A., and Rasoulzadeh, A.

Long-term effective microorganisms application promote growth and increase yields and nutrition of wheat in China.

European Journal of Agronomy, 46, 63-67.

Hu, C., and Qi, Y.

Management of potato virus Y (PVY) in potato by some biocontrol agents under field conditions.

Advances in Environmental Biology, 7(3), 441-444.

Al-Ani, R.A., Athab, M.A., and Matny, O.N.

Marketable pod yield of vegetable cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) as influenced by organic manures fermented with EM solution.

The Open Horticulture Journal 6, 19-23.

Seran, T., and Shahardeen, R.

Monitoring of organochlorine pesticide residues and bioremediation of the frequently detected compound (Lindane) in soil.

Egy. J. Plant Pro. Res., 1(1) 133-150.

Derbalah, A.S., Ismail, A., and Hamza, A.

Net mineralization nitrogen and soil chemical changes with application of organic wastes with'Fermented Bokashi Compost'

Acta Scientiarum Agronomy, 35, 257-264.

Boechat, C.L., Santos, J.A.G., and Accioly, A.M.d.A.

Potential of Effective Microorganisms (EM) for conventional activated sludge upgrade.

International Water Technology Journal, IWTJ, 3(2), 78-87.

El Karamany, H., El Shatoury, S., Ahmed, D., and Saleh, I.

Purification of nitrogen and phosphorus in Llghtly polluted landscape river by Effective Microorganisms combined with submerged plants.

Applied Mechanics and Materials, 316-317, 430-434.

Chen, D.Q., He, H., and Chen, Y.Q.

Potential of mud ball from biolarvacide from fermented Malaysia’s Ulam Herbs.

Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 7(5), 236-241.

Zarina, Z., Yaacob, N.D., Mustafa Al Bakri, A.M., and Ruzaidi, C.M.

Residual effect of organic manure EM bokashi applied to proceeding crop of vegetable cowpea (vigna unguiculata) on succeeding crop of radish (raphanus sativus) department of crop science.

1(1), 2-5.

Suthamathy, N., and Seran, T.

The application of EM-treated dairy effluent on the flue-cured tobacco irrigation.

Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment 11, 960-964.

Zhou, Y.X., Zhen, S.C., and Zhai, Y.M.

The effect of effective microorganisms on production and quality performance of Rhode Island Red layers.

International Journal of Livestock Production 4, 22-29.

Simeamelak, M., Solomon, D., and Taye, T.

Treatment of rubber processing wastewater by effective microorganisms using anaerobic sequencing batch reactor.

Journal of Agrobiotechnology 4, 1-15.

Rois Anwar, N.Z., Abu Hassan, M.A., Mahmood, I., and Khamis, A.K.


Anaerobic composting of pyrethrum waste with and without effective microorganisms.

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 6, 293-299.

Mwegoha, W.

Bioremediation of herbicide velpar K® in vitro in aqueous solution with application of EM-4 (effective microorganisms).

Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 55, 145-149.

Ramos, M.A.G., and Yoshioka, S.A.

Bioremediation of pulp and paper industry secondary sludge spiked with cow dung and effective microorganisms using epigeic earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae (Kinberg).

Dynamic Soil, Dynamic Plant, n.a..

Priya, T.L., Uma, R.N., Sivakumar, S., Meenambal, T., and Son, H.-K.

Degrading drilling fluid filter cake using effective microorganisms.

Jurnal Teknologi 57, 1-22.

Ismail, I., Illias, R., Abd Mubin, A.S., and Machitin, M.

Effect of compost derived from decomposed fruit wastes by Effective Microorganism (EM) technology on plant growth parameters of Vigna mungo.

Journal of Bioremediation and Biodegradation 3, 167.

Raja Namasivayam, S. S. K., and Bharani R.S.A.

Effects of organic and microbial fertilization on wheat growth and yield.

Int Res J Agric Sci Soil Sci 2, 149-154.

Mohammed, S., Osman, A., Mohammed, A., Abdalla, A., Sherif, A., and Rugheim, A.

EM Biodegrading characteristics of petroleum hydrocarbon in artificial seawater.

Advanced Materials Research, 356, 1145-1151.

Zhang, Z., Ding, S.Q., Yang, Y.S., Zuo, X.J., and Xu, Y.

Functions of effective microorganisms in bioremediation of the contaminated harbor sediments.

Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A, 47, 44-53.

Ekpeghere, K.I., Kim, B.H., Son, H.S., Whang, K.S., Kim, H.S., and Koh, S.C.

Influnce of foliar application by EM" Effective Microorganisms", amino acids and yeast on growth, yield and quality of two cultivars of onion plants under newly reclamed soil.

Journal of Agricultural Science, 4(11), 26-39.

Fawzy, Z., Abou El-magd, M., Li, Y., Ouyang, Z., and Hoda, A.

Laboratory scale bioremediation of the Yamuna water with effective microbes (EM) technology and nanotechnology.

Journal of Bioremediation and Biodegradation, 3(8), 160.

Shrivastava, J.N., Raghav, N., and Singh A.J.N.

Microbial assisted phytoextraction of metals and growth of soybean (Glycine max L. merrill) on industrial waste water contaminated soil.

Pak J Bot, 44, 1593-1599.

Ali, I., Hadi, F., and Bano, A.

Performance of HUASB reactor for treating paper & pulp wastewater using Effective Microorganism (EM).

International Journal of Engineering Science & Technology, 4. 2453-2461.

Balasubramanian, N., and Muthukumar, M.

Responses of soil fauna structure and leaf litter decomposition to effective microorganism treatments in Da Hinggan Mountains, China.

Chinese Geographical Science, 22, 647-658.

Gao, M., Li, J., and Zhang, X

Solid waste management by use of effective microorganisms technology.

Asian J Exp Sci, 26, 11-18.

Katre, S., Gupta, A.K., and Pandey, H.

The effect of sulphuric acid and effective micro-organisms on the seed germination of Harpagophytum procumbens (devil's claw).

South African Journal of Botany, 83, 193-199.

Mowa, E., and Maass, E.

Use of EM enriched composts on rice (Oryza sativa) productivity.

Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 46, 790-793.

Devi, S., and Manimaran, S.



日本看護研究学会雑誌, 34(1), 131-135.


Evaluation of Effective Microorganisms (EM) for treatment of domestic sewage.

Namsivayam, S.K.R., Narendrakumar, G. and Kumar, J.A., 2(7), 30-32.

Namsivayam, S.K.R., Narendrakumar, G. and Kumar, J.A.

‘Effective Micro-organisms’(EM): An Effective Plant Strengthening Agent for Tomatoes in Protected Cultivation.

Biological Agriculture & Horticulture, 27, 189-203.

Ndona, R.K., Friedel, J.K., Spornberger, A., Rinnofner, T., and Jezik, K.

Production of effective microorganism using halal based sources: A review.

African Journal of Biotechnology, 10, 18649-18652.

Abdullah, M.M.A.B., Ma’Radzi, A.H., Saleh, N.A.M., Kamal, A., and Yaacob, N.D.

Effect of cattle liquid manure fertilization on the yield of grassland and density of soil oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatida).

Biological Letters, 48, 13-18.

Kruczyńska, K., and Seniczak, S.

Effect of effective microorganism application on crop growth, yield, and nutrition in Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek in different soil amendment systems.

Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 42, 2112-2121.

Javaid, A., and Bajwa, R.

Effect of effective microorganisms on growth parameters and serum cholesterol levels in broilers.

African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6, 3841-3846.

Esatu, W., Melesse, A., and Dessie, T.

Effective microorganism substance (EM-S) reduces development and aggravation of atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions in NC/Nga mice.

Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry, 54, 211-220.

Park, K.H., Jeong, S.I., Mok, J.Y., Cho, J.K., Park, J.M., Jeon, I.H., Kim, H.S., and Jang, S.I.

Effects of biofertilizers combined with different soil amendments on potted rice plants.

Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 71, 157-163.

Javaid, A.

Effects of microorganisms, hormone treatment and stratification on seed germination of goldenrain tree (Koelreuteria paniculata).

Int J Agric Biol, 13, 38-42.

Ertekin, M.

Effects of synergy between earthworms and effective microorganisms on vermicomposting of pig manure.

Animal Husbandry and Feed Science, 3, 39-42.

DiFa, X., GuangShen, L., QuMin, Y., and RongXi, L.

Field evaluation of effective microorganisms (EM) application for growth, nodulation, and nutrition of mung bean.

Turk J Agric For, 35, 443-452.

Javaid, A., and Bajwa, R.

Nursery practice on seed germination and seedling growth of Dalbergia sissoo using beneficial microbial inoculants.

Journal of Forestry Research, 22, 189-192.

Khan, B.M., Hossain, M.K., and Mridha, M.A.U.

Prospects of effective microorganisms technology in wastes treatment in Egypt.

Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 1, 243-248.

Shalaby, E.A.


Evaluation of Banana Compost Enriched with Microorganisms on Concentrations of Heavy Metals in Corn and Bean Plants.

The African Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology. 4(1), 54-58. .

Refat A. Youssef, Mohammed A. Rasheed, El-Sayed I. Gaber, Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva, Abd El Kader A., Nesreen H. Abou-Baker

The effect of the application of the biological control agent EM1 on gas exchange parameters and productivity of Pisum sativum L. infected with Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. Acta

Acta Agrobotanica, 63(2), 105-115.

Okorski, A., Olszewski, J., Glowacka, K., Okorska,S. and Pszczolkowska, A.

Breaking seed dormancy in oil rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) by microbial inoculation.

African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(39), 6503-6508.

Kazaz, S., Erbas, S., and Baydar, H.

" Effective Microorganisms"(EM) in reducing noxiousness of selected odorant sources.

Environment Protection Engineering , 36, 13-24.

Kulig, A., and Barczak, R.

Abundance and diversity of soil nematodes as influenced by different types of organic manure.

Helminthologia , 47, 58-66.

Hu, C., and Qi, Y.C.

Beneficial Microorganisms for Sustainable Agriculture.

In Genetic Engineering, Biofertilisation, Soil Quality and Organic Farming, E. Lichtfouse, ed. (Springer Netherlands), pp. 347-369.

Javaid, A.

Biological control of mulberry root rot disease (Fusarium spp) with antagonistic microorganisms.


Beevi, N.D., and Qadri, S.

Effect of Effective Microorganisms (EM) on nutrient contents in substrate and development and yielding of Rose (Rosa x hybrida) and Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii).

Ecolog. Chem and Eng S, 17, 505-513.

Górski, R., and Kleiber, T.

Effective microoranisms and their influence on growth and yield of pigweed (Amaranthus dubians).

Journal of Agricultural & Biological Science, 5(1), 17-22.

Muthaura, C., Musyimi, D.M., Ogur, J.A., and Okello, S.V.

Effects of effective microorganisms on yield and quality of vegetable cabbage comparatively to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers.

Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 9(11), 1039-1042.

Chantal, K., Xiaohou, S., Weimu, W., and Iro Ong'or, B.T.

Growth, nodulation and yield response of soybean to biofertilizers and organic manures.

PJ Bot, 42, 863-871.

Javaid, A., and Mahmood, N.

Purification of Cr (VI)-contaminated soil by fermentation of organic matter.

In Advances in Environmental Geotechnics (Springer), 755-759.

Omine, K., Yasufuku, N., and Tamura, K.


Activities of effective microorganism (EM) on the nutrient dynamics of different organic materials applied to soil.

American-Eurasian Journal of Agronomy, 2, 26-35.

Fatunbi, A., and Ncube, L.

Growth, nodulation and yield of black gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] as influenced by biofertilizers and soil amendments.

African Journal of Biotechnology, 8 (21), 5711-5717.

Javaid, A.

Probiotics in aquaculture of China—current state, problems and prospect.

Aquaculture, 290, 15-21.

Qi, Z., Zhang, X.-H., Boon, N., and Bossier, P.

Role and functions of beneficial microorganisms in sustainable aquaculture.

Bioresource technology, 100, 3780-3786.

Zhou, Q., Li, K., Jun, X., and Bo, L.


Effect of EM Bokashi application on control of secondary soil salinization.

Water Science and Engineering, 1(4), 99-106.

Xiaohou, S., Min, T., Ping, J., Weiling, C.

Application of effective microorganisms on soil and maize.

Journal of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, 2, 1-13.

Lee, C.T., Ismail, M., Razali, F., Muhamad, I.I., Sarmidi, M.R., and Khamis, A.

Assessment of effective microorganism activity (EM) in winter wheat protection against fungal diseases.

Ecological chemistry and engineering, 15, 23-27.

Boligłowa, E., and Gleń, K.

Damage to DNA of effective microorganisms by heavy metals: Impact on wastewater treatment.

Journal of Environmental Sciences, 20, 1514-1518.

ZHOU, S., WEI, C., LIAO, C., and WU, H.

Effect of Biostimulants, ethrel, boron and potassium nutrient on fruit quality of "Costata" persimmon.

Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2, 1432-1437.

Mohamed, S.A., and Ismail, O.M.

Effect of fugal infection and the application of the biological agent EM1TM on the rate of photosynthesis and transpiration in pea (Pisum sativum L.) leaves.

Polish Journal of Natural Science, 23(1), 35-47.

Okorski, A., Olszewski, J., Pszczółkowska, A., and Kulik, T.

Hormone and microorganism treatments in the cultivation of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) plants.

Molecules, 13, 1135-1147.

Aytekin, A., and Acikgoz, A.O.

Impact of biological effective microorganisms (EM) preparations on some physico-chemical properties of soil and the vegetative growth of apple-tree rootstocks.

Nauka Przyroda Technologie Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu 2.

Zydlik, P., and Zydlik, Z.

Impact of effective microorganisms compost on soil fertility and rice productivity and quality.

Misr J Ag Eng, 25, 1067-1093.

El-Shafei, A., Yehia, M., and El-Naqib, F.

Overview of a variety of trials on agricultural applications of effective microorganisms (EM).

Agricola, 17-26.

Zimmermann, I., and Kamukuenjandje, R.


Cost-effective activated sludge process using Effective Microorganisms (EM).

Environmental health, 7, 71.

Sekaran, V., Rajagopal, K., and Karutha Pandian, S.T.

Compost for growing plants by applying EM-biofertilizer.

Pak J Agri Sci, 44, 3.

Hussain, K., Arif, M., Anwar-ul-Haq, M., Hussain, T., and Nasim, M.

Size and activity of the soil microbial biomass and soil enzyme activity in long-term field experiments.

World Journal of Agricultural Sciences VL3 P63-70 .

Hu, C., and Cao, Z.


Bagasse as a possible substrate for Pleurotus ostreatus (Fr.) Kummer cultivation for the local mushroom farms in the northeast of Thailand.

Pakistan Journal of Biology Sciences, 9, 2512-2515.

Vetayasuporn, S., Chutichudet, P., and Cho-Ruk, K.

Development of biological control of Ralstonia solanacearum through antagonistic microbial populations.

International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 8, 657-660.

Lwin, M., and Ranamukhaarachchi, S.

Effects of biological and chemical fertiliser on growth and yield of glutionous corn production.

J Agron, 5, 1-4.

Vetayasuporn, S.

Effects of integrated use of organic and inorganic nutrient sources with effective microorganisms (EM) on seed cotton yield in Pakistan.

Bioresource technology, 97, 967-972.

Khaliq, A., Abbasi, M.K., and Hussain, T.

Foliar application of effective microorganisms on pea as an alternative fertilizer.

Agron Sustain Dev , 26, 257.

Javaid, A.

Growth of Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth. seedlings under the influence of microbial inoculant (Effective Microorganisms).

Indian Forester , 132, 329-334.

Khan, B., Mridha, M., Hossain, M., and Huda, S.

Growth performance of Cassia fistula L. seedlings as affected by formulated microbial inoculant.

Bangladesh J. Bot., 35(2), 181-184.

Khan, B., Hossain, M., and Mridha, M.

Oyster mushroom cultivation on different cellulosic substrates.

Res J Agric Biol Sci , 2, 548-551.

Vetayasuporn, S.


Effective Microorganisms for Enhancing Pleurotm ostreatus (Fr.) Kummer Production.

Journal of biological sciences, 4, 706-710.

Vetayasuporn, S.

Supplemental enzymes, yeast culture and effective micro-organism culture to enhance the performance of rabbits fed diets containing high levels of rice bran.

Asian Austrasian Journal of Animal Sciences , 17, 678-683.

Shanmuganathan, T., Samarasinghe, K., and Wenk, C.


Assessment of soil properties by organic matter and EM-microorganism incorporation.

Revista brasileira de ciência do solo, 27, 519-525.

Valarini, P., Alvarez, D., Gasco, J., Guerrero, F., and Tokeshi, H.


Influence of EM Bokashi on nodulation, physiological characters and yield of peanut in nature farming fields.

Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 19, 105-112.

Pei-Sheng, Y., and Hui-Lian, X.

Integrated evaluation of soil quality after the incorporation of organic matter and microorganisms.

Brazilian Journal of microbiology, 33, 35-40.

Valarini, P.J., Alvarez, M.C.D., Gascó, J.M., Guerrero, F., and Tokeshi, H.

Organic and transition bananas: experience with effective microorganisms (EM).

Taller internacional sobre inducción de resistencia y uso de tecnologías limpias para el manejo de plagas en plantas Turrialba (Costa Rica), 33-39.

Tabora, P., Okumoto, S., and Elango, F.

Total economic development benefits for the application of effective microorganisms technology to shrimp production.

Journal of Environmental Science and Management , 5.

Aguilar, F.


Effects of a microbial inoculant, organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer on water stress resistance of sweet corn.

Journal of crop production, 3, 223-233.

Xu, H.-L.

Effect of effective microorganisms on composting characteristics of chicken manure.

Journal of Tropical Agriculture and Food Science, 29, 189-196.

Ong, H., Chew, B., and Suhaimi, M.

Effect of organic fertilizer and effective microorganisms on growth, yield and quality of paddy-rice varieties.

Journal of crop production, 3, 269-273.

Iwaishi, S.

Soil-root interface water potential in sweet corn as affected by organic fertilizer and a microbial inoculant.

Journal of crop production, 3, 139-156.

Xu, H.-L.

Effects of organic fertilizers and a microbial inoculant on leaf photosynthesis and fruit yield and quality of tomato plants.

Journal of crop production, 3, 173-182.

Xu, H.-L., Wang, R., and Mridha, M.A.U.

Effect of a microbial inoculant on stomatal response of maize leaves.

Journal of crop production, 3, 235-243.

Xu, H.-L., Wang, X., and Wang, J.

Growth nodulation and VAM colonization response of Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek to co-inoculation of biopower & effective microorganisms (EM).

Pakistan Journal of Botany, 33, 743-775.

Bajwa, R., Nasir, M., and Javaid, A.

Phytophthora resistance of organically-fertilized tomato plants.

Journal of crop production , 3, 77-84.

Wang, R., Xu, H.-L., and Mridha, M.A.U.

Properties and applications of an organic fertilizer inoculated with effective microorganisms.

Journal of Crop production, 3, 255-268.

Yamada, K., and Xu, H.L.

Use of effective microorganisms to suppress malodors of poultry manure.

Journal of crop production, 3, 215-221.

Li, W., and Ni, Y.


Cotton production through integrated plant nutrition system.

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 3, 674-676.

Ahmed, I., Zia, M.H., and John, A.

Improvement in biological nitrogen fixation and yield of groundnut by the application of effective microorganisms.

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 3, 320-322.

Iqbal, M., and Jilani, G.

Use of integrated approaches to manage inferior soil and water resources for rice production.

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 3, 1062-1065.

Khan, M.I.A., and Zia, M.H.


Alternatives of mineral nutrient sources to sustain wheat production.

International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 1(4), 293-296.

Zia, M.H., Ahmed, I., Haq, M.A., and Jamil, M.

An in vitro Antibacterial Activity of Different Effective Microorganism Cultures Against Pathogenic Species.

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2, 214-216.

Sajjad-ur-Rahman, M.S., Hussain, T., Hussain, S., and Ansar, M.

EM and VAM technology in Pakistan V: Response of chickpea (Cicer arietwum L.) to co-inoculation with Effective Microorganisms (EM) and VA Mycorriza under allelopathic stress.

Pak J Bot, 31, 387-339.

Bajwa, R., Javaid, A., and Haneef, B.

Influence of “effective microorganisms”(EM) on vegetable production and carbon mineralization−a preliminary investigation.

Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 14, 15-25.

Daly, M., and Stewart, D.

Rice and wheat production in Pakistan with effective microorganisms.

American journal of alternative agriculture, 14, 30-36.

Hussain, T., Javaid, T., Parr, J., Jilani, G., and Haq, M.

Utilization of brackish groundwater for crops with EM-technology.

Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 36, 186-188.

Zia, M.H., Anwar ul Haq, M., and Ahmed, I.


EM and VAM technology in Pakistan. Effect of co-inoculation of effective microorganisms (EM) and VA mycorrhiza on plant growth and nutrient uptake in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.).

Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology, 10(1), 48-52.

Bajwa, R., Javaid, A., Haneef, B.